Bibliography

This bibliography is divided into the following sections:

  • General
  • Imaging ‘Others’
  • The Political Economy of News Media Production & Consumption
  • Conflict Photography & Northern Ireland
  • Photojournalism: America at War
  • Photography & Human Rights
  • Ethics & Vision
  • Imaging ‘Africa’
  • The Globalization of War & Conflict Imagery
  • Vietnam War Photography
  • The Great War: Photography on the Western Front

Please scroll down to see the readings under each section.

GENERAL

Ang, T.  2000.  Picture Editing.  Focal Press.

Benthall, J.  1993.  Disasters, Relief and the Media. I.B. Tauris.

Boltanski, L.  1999.  Distant Suffering: Morality, Media & Politics.  Cambridge University Press.

Bolton, R., ed.  1992.  The Contest of Meaning: Critical Histories of Photography. MIT Press.

Burgin, V., ed.  1982.  Thinking Photography. Macmillan.

Burnett, R.  1995.  Cultures of Vision: Images, Media and the Imaginary.  Indiana University Press.

Cassell, D.  1997.  The Photographer and the Law. BFP Books.

Chouliaraki, L.  2006.  The Spectatorship of Suffering.  Sage Publications.

Cohen, S.  2001.  States of Denial: Knowing About Atrocities and Suffering. Polity Press.

Debord, G.  1998.  Comments on the Society of the Spectacle.  Verso.

Debord, G.  1994.  The Society of the Spectacle.  Zone Books.

Louw, P. E.  2001.  The Media and Cultural Production.  Sage Publications.

Marinovich, G. & J. Silva.  2000.  The Bang-Bang Club: Snapshots from a Hidden War.  William Heinemann.

McCullin, D.  1992.  Unreasonable Behaviour.  Vintage.

McLuhan, M.  1994.  Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man.  MIT Press.

Meachim, S., D. Richards & O. Williams.  1992.  Focus for Change: Class, Gender and Race Inequality and the Media in an International Context.  Focus for Change.

Minear, L., C. Scott & T. Weiss.  1996.  The News Media, Civil War and Humanitarian Action.  Lynne Rienner.

Mirzoeff, N.  1999.  An Introduction to Visual Culture. Routledge.

Mirzoeff, N, ed.  1999.  Diaspora and Visual Culture: Representing Africans and Jews.  Routledge.

Mitchell, W. J. T.  1994.  Picture Theory: Essays on Verbal and Visual Representation. University of Chicago Press.

Moeller, S.  1999.  Compassion Fatigue : How the Media Sell Disease, Famine, War and Death.  Routledge.

Perlmutter, D. D.  1998.  Photojournalism and Foreign Policy: Icons of Outrage in International Crises.  Praeger.

Prosser, J.  2005.  Light in the Darkroom.  University of Minnesota Press.

Rachlin, A.  1988.  News as Hegemonic Reality: American Political Culture and the Framing of News Accounts.  Praeger.

 

IMAGING ‘OTHERS’

Bhabha, H.  1994.  The Location of Culture.  Routledge.

Burman, E.  1994.  “Innocents Abroad: Western Fantasies of Childhood and the Iconography of Emergencies,” Disasters 18 no. 3: 238-53.

Butler, J. 1997.  Excitable Speech: A Politics of the Performative.  Routledge.

Campbell, D.  2002.  “Atrocity, Memory, Photography: Imaging the Concentration Camps of Bosnia- the Case of ITN Vs. Living Marxism Part 1.” Journal of Human Rights 1, no. 1: 1-33.

Campbell, D.  2007.  “Geopolitics and Visuality: Sighting the Darfur Conflict.” Political Geography 26, no. 4: 357-82.

Campbell, D.  2003.  “Salgado and the Sahel: Documentary Photography and the Imaging of Famine” in Rituals of Mediation: International Politics and Social Meaning, C. Weber and F. Debrix eds., 69-96.  University of Minnesota Press.

Derrida, J. & B. Stiegler.  2002.  Echographies of Television. Polity Press.

Doty, R. L.  1996.  Imperial Encounters: The Politics of Representation in North-South Relations. University of Minnesota Press.

Edkins, J.  2000.  Whose Hunger?  Concepts of Famine, Practices of Aid.  University of Minnesota Press.

Feldman, A.  1994.  “On Cultural Anesthesia: From Desert Storm to Rodney King.” American Ethnologist 21, no. 2: 404-18.

Fiske, J.  1996.  Media Matters: Race and Gender in US Politics.  University of Minnesota Press.

Pieterse, J. N.  1992.  White on Black: Images of Africa and Blacks in Western Popular Culture.  Yale University Press.

Poole, D.  1997.  Vision, Race and Modernity: A Visual Economy of the Andean Image World.  Princeton University Press.

Ryan, J. R.  1997.  Picturing Empire: Photography and the Visualization of the British Empire.  University of Chicago Press.

Ryan, J. & J. Schwartz, eds.  2003.  Picturing Place: Photography and the Geographical Imagination.  I.B. Tauris.

Said, E.  1981.  Covering Islam: How the Media and the Experts Determine How We See the Rest of the World.  Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Said, E.  1978.  Orientalism.  Routledge & Kegan Paul.

Seib, P.  2004-05.  “The News Media and the ‘Clash of Civilizations.” Parameters : 71-85.

Sontag, S.  2003.  Regarding the Pain of Others.  Penguin.

Tierney, K., C. Bevc & E. Kuligowski.  2006.  “Metaphors Matter: Disaster Myths, Media Frames, and Their Consequences in Hurricane Katrina.” The Annals of the American Academy 604: 57-81.

Young, R. J. C.  1990.  White Mythologies: Writing History and the West.  Routledge.

 

THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF NEWS MEDIA PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION

Carruthers, S.  2000.  The Media at War: Communication and Conflict in the 20th Century.  Macmillan.

Herman, E. & N. Chomsky. 1994.   Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media.  Vintage.

Klinenberg, E. & C. Benzecry.  2005.  “Cultural Production in Digital Age”.  The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 597: 6-18.

Lemos, J.  2005.  “Down to the Wire: Independent News Agencies Strive to Be Noticed”  Photo Media Group – http://www.jainlemos.com/?p=10

Purdey, H. & J. Owen eds.  2008.  International Reporting: Frontlines & Deadlines.  Blackwell Publishing.

Robinson, P.  2001.  “Operation Restore Hope and the Illusion of a News Media Driven Intervention.” Political Studies 49: 941-56.

Robinson, P.  2001.  “Theorizing the Influence of Media on World Politics.” European Journal of Communication 16, no. 4: 523-44.

 

CONFLICT PHOTOGRAPHY & NORTHERN IRELAND

Butler, D.  1996.  The Trouble with Reporting Northern Ireland: The British State, the Broadcast Media and Nonfictional Representation of the Conflict.  Brookfield.

Campany, D.  2003.  “Safety in Numbness: Some Remarks on Problems of Late Photography,” in Where is the Photograph? David Green ed.  Photoworks/Photoforum: 123-132.

Carville, J.  2001.  “Renegotiated Territory: The Politics of Space, Place and Landscape in Irish Photography.” Afterimage July/August: 5-9.

Curtis, L.  1993.  Interference on the Airwaves: Ireland, the Media and the Broadcasting Ban.  NUJ.

Curtis, L.  1984.  Ireland: The Propaganda War.  Pluto.

Curtis, L.  1984.  Nothing But the Same Old Story: The Roots of Anti-Irish Racism.  Information on Ireland.

Dawson, G.  2005.  “Trauma, Place and the Politics of Memory: Bloody Sunday, Derry, 1972-2004”.  History Workshop Journal 59: 151-178.

Duncan, J.  1999.  Be Prepared.  Stills Gallery.

Feldman, A.  1991.  Formations of Violence: The Narrative of the Body and Political Terror in Northern Ireland.  University of Chicago Press.

Flusser, V.  2000.  Towards a Philosophy of Photography.  Reaktion.

Graham, C.  2005.  “Every Passerby a Culprit?: Archive Fever, Photography and Peace in Northern Ireland.”  Third Text76: 567-580.

Hamilton-Tweedale, B.  1987.  The British Press and Northern Ireland: A Case Study in the Reporting of Violent Political Conflict.  University of Sheffield Press.

Haughey, A.  2005.  Disputed Territories.  DIT/Gallery of Photography.

Jarman, N.  1997.  Material Conflicts: Parades and visual displays in Northern Ireland.  Berg.

Jarman, N.  1995.  Lie of the Land.  Gallery of Photography.

Limpkin, C. 1972.  Battle of Bogside.  Penguin.

Lloyd, D.  2003.  “Ruination: Partition and the Expectation of Violence (on Allan deSouza’s Irish Photography)”.  Social Identities 9, no. 4 (December): 475-509.

Miller, D.  1994.  Don’t Mention the War: Northern Ireland, Propaganda and the Media.  Pluto Press.

Parkinson, A.  1998.  Ulster Loyalism and the British Media.  Four Courts.

Parkinson, A.  1999.  Revealing Views: Images from Ireland.  Royal Festival Hall.

Rolston, B. ed.  1991.  The Media and Northern Ireland: Covering the Troubles.  Gill & MacMillan.

Rolston, B. and D. Miller, eds.  1996.  War and Words:  The Northern Ireland Media Reader.

Seawright, P.  1995.  Inside Information.  London Photographers Gallery.

Seawright, P.  2000.  Paul Seawright.  University of Salamanca Press.

Seawright, P.  2005.  Field Notes.  Antwerp Photo Museum.

Sloan, V.  2000.  Victor Sloan: Selected Works, 1980-2000.  Dublin & York Open Air and Impressions Gallery.

Taylor, J.  1991.  “Northern Ireland and Terrorism” in War Photography: Realism in the British Press.  Routledge.

Ziff, T., ed.  2002.  Hidden Truths: Bloody Sunday 1972.  Smart Press.

 

PHOTOJOURNALISM: AMERICA AT WAR

“War and Photography”.  2004.  Afterimage 31, no. 6 (May/June).

Burrows, L.  2002.  Larry Burrows: Vietnam.  Knopf.

Carlebach, M.  1992.  The Origins of Photojournalism in America.  Smithsonian.

Dauber, C. E.  2001.  “The Shots Seen ‘Round the World: The Impact of the Images of Mogadishu on American Military Operations”.  Rhetoric and Public Affairs 4, no. 4: 653-87.

Duncan, D. D.  1951.  This is War! Harpers.

Fulton, M.  1988.   Eyes of Time: Photojournalism in America.  Litele Brown.

Grifin, M.  1999.  “The Great War Photographs: Constructing Myths of History and Photojornalism” in B. Brennen and H. Hardt. eds.  Picturing the Past: Media, History and Photography.  University of Illinois Press: 122-57.

Griffin, M.  2004.  “Picturing America’s ‘War on Terrorism’ in Afghanistan and Iraq”.  Journalism 5, no. 4: 381-204.

Griffiths, P. J.  1971.  Vietnam Inc.  Collier Books.

Hariman, R. & J. L.  Lucaites.  2007.  No Caption Needed: Iconic Photographs, Public Culture and Liberal Democracy.  University of Chicago Press.

Heller, J., ed.  1990.  War and Conflict: Selected Images form the National Archives, 1765-1970.  National Archives and Records Administration.

Kennedy, L.  2008.  “Securing Vision: Photography and US Foreign Policy”.  Media, Culture and Society 30, no. 3: 279-94.

Kozol, W.  2004.  “Domesticating NATO’s War in Kosovo/a: (In)Visible Bodies and the Dilmma of Photojournalism”. Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism 4, no. 2: 1-38.

Meiselas, S.  1981.  Nicaragua: June 1978-July 1979.  Pantheon.

Moeller, S.  1989.  Shooting War: Photography and the American Experience of Combat. Basic Books.

Perlmutter, D.  1998.  Photojournalism and Foreign Policy: Icons of Outrage in International Crises.  Praeger.

Richtin, F.  1991.  “The End of Photography as We have Known It” in P. Wombell. ed.  Photovideo: Photography in the Age of the Computer.  River Oram Press.

Robertson, L.  2004.  “Images of War”.  American Journalism Review.  (October/November)  http://www.ajr.org/Article.asp?id=3759

Roeder, G. H., Jr.  1995.  The Censored War: American Visual Experience During World War Two.  Yale University Press.

Tourtellot, A. B., ed.  1950.  Life’s Picture History of World War II.  Time.

Walker, I.  1985.  “Desert Stories or, Faith in Facts?” in M. Lister, ed.  The Photographic Image in Digital Culture.  Routledge.

 

PHOTOGRAPHY & HUMAN RIGHTS

Bouvier, N.  1995.  Focus on Humanity: A Century of Photography.  Skira.

Kalin, W., L. Muller & J. Wyttenbach.  2004.  The Face of Human Rights.  Lars Muller Publisher.

Campbell, D.  2002.  “Atrocity, Memory, Photography: Imaging the Concentration camps of Bosnia – The Case of ITN Versus Living Marxism, Part I.”  Journal of Human Rights 1, no. 1: 1-33.

Campbell, D.  2002.  “Atrocity, Memory, Photography: Imaging the Concentration camps of Bosnia – The Case of ITN Versus Living Marxism, Part I.”  Journal of Human Rights 1, no. 2: 143-72.

Keenan, T.  2004.  “Mobilizing Shame”. The South Atlantic Quarterly. 103, no. 2/3: 435-49

Levi Strauss, D.  2003.  Between the Eyes: Essays on Photography and Politics.  Aperture.

Malkki, L. 1996.  “Speechless Emissaries: Refugees, Huanitarianism, and Dehistoricization”.  Cultural Anthropology 11, no. 3: 377-404.

Mauro, A.  2007.   My Brother’s Keeper: Documentary Photographers and Human Rights.  Contrasto.

Reinhardt, M., H. Edwards & E. Duganne.  2007.  Beautiful Suffering: Photography and the Traffic in Pain.  University of Chicago Press.

Ryan, J. R.  1997.  Picturing Empire.  University of Chicago Press.

Silwinski, S.  2006.  “The Childhood of Human Rights: Kodak on the Congo”.  Journal of Visual Culture 5, no. 4: 333-63.

Sontag, S.  2003.  Regarding the Pain of Others.  Picador.

Spelman, E. V.  1997.  Fruits of Sorrow: Framing Our Attention to Suffering.  Beacon.

 

ETHICS & VISION

Azoulay, A.  2008.  The Civil Contract of Photography.  MIT Press.

Baradell, S. & A. D. Stack.  2008.  “Photojournalism, Technology and Ethics”.  Black Star Publishing. http://rising.blackstar.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/11/photoethics.pdf

Berger, J.  1980.  About Looking.  Writers and Readers.

Boltanski, L.  1999.  Distant Suffering:  Morality, Media and Politics.  Cambridge University Press.

Butler, J.  2005.  “Photography, War, Outrage”.  PMLA 120, no. 3 (May): 822-27.

Butler, J.  2007.  “Torture and the Ethics of Photography”.  Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 25: 51-66.

Campbell, D.  2003.  “Salgado and the Sahel: Documentary Photography and the Imaging of Famine” in F. Debrix and C. Weber eds.  Rituals of Mediation.  University of Minnesota Press.

Hicks, J.  2007.  “Narrowing the Range of Permissible Lies: Recent Battles in the International Image Tribunal”.  Postmodern Culture 17, no. 3.

Howe, P.  2002.  “Morality Plays”. The Digital Journalisthttp://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue0205/howe.htm

Kleinman, A. & J. Kleinman. 1997.  “The Appeal of Experience, The Dismay of Images: Cultural Appropriations of Suffering In Our Times” in A. Kleinman, V. Das and M. Lock, eds.  Social Suffering.  University of California Press.

Linfield, S.  2001.  “Capture the Moment”.  Boston Review (April/May). http://bostonreview.net/BR26.2/linfield.html

Linfield, S.  2004.  “Memuna, Almost Smiling”.  Dissent (Spring), http://www.dissentmagazine.org/article/?article=383

Moeller, S. 1999.  Compassion Fatigue: How the Media Sell Disease, Famine, War and Death.  Routledge.

Scarry, E.  1985.  The Body in Pain.  Oxford University Press.

Sontag, S.  2002.  “Looking at War”.  The New Yorker (9 December): 82-98.

Sontag, S.  2004.  “Regarding the Torture of Others”.  The New York Times (23 May).http://www.nytimes.com/2004/05/23/magazine/23PRISONS.html?ex=1400644800&en=a2cb6ea6bd297c8f&ei=5007&partner=USERLAND

Taylor, J.  2000.  “Problems in Photojournalism: Realism, the Nature of News and the Humanitarian Narrative”. Journalism Studies 1, no. 1: 129-43.

Zelizer, B.  2008.  Remembering to Forget: Holocaust Memory Through the Camera’s Eye.  University of Chicago Press.

 

IMAGING ‘AFRICA’

Barlet, O. 1996.  African Cinemas: Decolonising the Gaze. Zed Books.

Brookes, H.J. 1995.  “Suit, Tie and a Touch of Juju’ – The Ideological Construction of Africa: A Critical Discourse Analysis of News on Africa in the British Press.”  Discourse and Society 6, no. 4: 461-94.

Clark, D. J. 2004.  “The Production of a Contemporary Famine Image: The Image Economy, Indigenous Photographers and the Case of Mekanic Philipos.” Journal of International Development 16: 693-704.

van der Gaag, N. & Nash, C. 1987.  Images of Africa, mimeo.

Hagos, A. 2001.  Hardened Images: The Western Media and the Marginalisation of Africa.  Africa World Press.

Harrison, P. & R. Palmer. 1986.  News out of Africa.  Hilary Shipman.

Hawk, B. G., ed. 1992.  Africa’s Media Image.  Praeger.

Keane, F. 1998.  “Another Picture of Starving Africa. It Could Have Been Taken in 1984, or 1998. How Can We Change the Imagery Of Despair? ” The Guardian (Media supplement), 8 June.

Magistad, M. K. 1985.  The Ethiopian Bandwagon :The Relationship Between News Media Coverage and British Foreign Policy Toward the 1984-1985 Ethiopian Famine.  MA thesis, Sussex University.

Mayer, R. 2002.  Artificial Africas: Colonial Images in the Times of Globalization.  University Press of New England.

Mengara, D. M. 2001.  Images of Africa: Stereotypes and Realities.  Africa World Press.

Mitchison, N. 1987.  Images of Africa. Canongate Books.

 

THE GLOBALIZATION OF WAR & CONFLICT IMAGERY

Allan, S. & B. Zelizer. eds. 2004.  Reporting War: Journalism in Wartime.  Routledge.

Allen, T. & J. Seaton eds. 1999.  The Media of Conflict: War Reporting & Representations of Ethnic Conflict.  Zed Books.

Baudrillard, J. 1995.  The Gulf War Did Not Take Place.  Indiana University Press.

Boltanski, L.  1999.  Distant Suffering: Morality, Media & Politics.  Cambridge University Press.

Burnett, R.  1995.  Cultures of Vision: Images, Media and the Imaginary.  Indiana University Press.

Campbell, D.  2004.  “Cultural Governance and Pictorial Resistance: Reflections on the Imaging of War.” Review of International Studies 29: 57-73.

Darley, W. M.  2005.  “War Policy, Public Support, and the Media.” Parameters : 121-34.

Dauber, C. E.  2001.  “The Shots Seen ‘Round the World: The Impact of the Images of Mogadishu on American Military Operations.” Rhetoric & Public Affairs 4, no. 4: 653-87.

Graham, S.  2006.  “Cities and ‘the War on Terrorism’.” International Journal of Urban and Regional Research 30, no. 2: 255-76.

Graham, S.  2006.  “Homeland” Insecurities?: Katrina and the Politics Of “Security” In Metropolitan America.” Space and Culture 9, no. 1: 1-5.

Graham, S.  2004.  “Postmortem City: Towards an Urban Geopolitics.” City 8, no. 2: 165-96.

Graham, S.  2005.  “Remember Fallujah: Demonising Place, Constructing Atrocity.” Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 23: 1-10.

Hoskins, A.  2004.  Televising War: From Vietnam to Iraq.  Continuum.

Keenan, T.  1994.  “Live From…” In Back to the Front: Tourisms of War.  Princeton Architectural Press.

Thussu, D. & D. Freedman eds.  2003. War and the Media: Reporting Conflict 24/7.  Sage Publications.

Tumber, H. & J. Palmer eds.  2004.  The Media at War: The Iraq Crisis.  Sage Publications.

 

VIETNAM WAR PHOTOGRAPHY

Adair, G.  1981.  Vietnam on Film: From The Green Berets to Apocalypse Now.  Proteus Publishing Co.

Anderegg, M. ed.  1991.  Inventing Vietnam: War in Film and Television.  Philadelphia University Press.

Andrews, O. et. al.  1991.  Vietnam: Images from Combat Photographers.  Starwood Publishing.

Arnett, P.  1994.  Live from the Battlefield: From Vietnam to Baghdad, 35 Years in the World’s War Zones.  Simon & Schuster.

Bowden, T.  1987.  One Crowded Hour: Neil Davis, Combat Cameraman.  Collins.

Brelis, D., photos by J. Krementz.  1968.  The Face of South Vietnam.  Houghton Mifflin.

Burrows, L.  2002.  Vietnam.  Knopf Publishing Group.

Chomsky, N.  1978.  “The US Media and the Tet Offensive”, Race & Class XX, no. 1.

Cook, D. A.  2002.  Lost Illusions: American Cinema in the Shadow of Watergate and Vietnam: 1970-1979.  University of California Press.

Daugherty, L. & G.L. Mattson.  2001.  Nam: A Photographic History.  MetroBooks.

Donovan, H.  1989.  Right Places, Right Times.  Holt.

Faas, H. & T. Page eds.  1997.  Requiem: By the Photographers Who Died in Vietnam and Indochina. Random House.

Faas, H. & H. Gedouin.  2006.  Henri Huet: “J’etais photographe de guerre au Vietnam”.  Editions du Chene (Hachette).

Faas, H.  1966.  “No Substitute for Being There- Faas on Vietnam”,  National Press Photographer 21, no. 3.

Friel, H. & R. Falk.  2004.  The Record of the Paper: How The New York Times Misreports US Foreign Policy.  Verso.

Halberstam, D.  1979.  The Powers That Be. Knopf.

Herzstein, R.  2005.  Henry R. Luce, Time, and the American Crusade in Asia. Cambridge University Press.

“Vietnam: Build-up on the Border”, 1964,  Life Magazine 57, no. 8: 26-31.

“Photos and Letters Upstage the Guam Show”, 1967,  Life Magazine 62, no. 13: 26-27.

Page, T. et. al.  2001.  The Mindful Moment.  Thames & Hudson.

Patterson, Oscar III.  1984.  “Television’s Living Room War in Print: Vietnam in the News Magazines”,  Journalism Quarterly 61, no. 1.

Salisbury, H.  1971.  “Image and Reality in Indochina”,  Foreign Affairs 49, no. 3: 381-394.

Sheehan, N.  1998.  “The Role of the Press”,  Naval War College Review L1, no. 1.

 

THE GREAT WAR: PHOTOGRAPHY ON THE WESTERN FRONT

Arthur, M.  2007.  Faces of World War One: The Tragedy of the Great War in Words and Pictures.  Cassell Illustrated.

Bolloch, J.  2004.  War Photography: From The Crimean War to World War One (Photography at the Musee D’Orsay).  Five Continents Editions.

Callister, S.  2007.  “‘Broken gargoyles’: The photographic representation of severely wounded New Zealand soldiers”. Social History of Medicine 20, is. 1: 111-130.

Carmichael, J.  1989.  First World War Photographers. Routledge.

DiFolco, J.  2004.  “Terrain, landscapes of the Great War (Photography)”.  History of Photography 28, is. 3: 261-265.

Dixon, R.  2007.  “Spotting the fake: C.E.W. Bean, Frank Hurley and the making of the 1923 photographic record of the war”.  History of Photography 31, is. 2: 165-179.

Dixon, R.  2004.  “‘Where are the dead?’  Spiritualism, photography and the Great War (Frank Hurley)”.  History of Photography 28, is. 2: 247-260.

Farish, M.  2001.  “Modern witnesses: foreign correspondents, geopolitical vision and the First World War”. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 26, no. 3: 273-287.

Giles, G. J.  2010.  “The Other Front: Photography and Propaganda in the First World War”.  German Studies Review 33, no. 1: 174-76.

Holmes, R.  2008.  Shots from the Front: The British Soldier 1914-18.  Harper Press.

Holmes, R.  2001.  Imperial War Museum: The First World War in Photographs. Carlton Books Ltd.

Jolly, M.  1999.  “Australian First World War Photography- Frank Hurley and Charles Bean”.  History of Photography 23, is. 2: 141-48.

Mahony, J.  2001.  From Home Front to the Front Line: Images of the Great War. Charlestown, N.S.W.

Robinson, P.  1978.  “Canadian photojournalism during the First World War”.  History of Photography 2, is. 1.